This Week’s Commentary

Shabbat Table Talk

Parashat Bamidbar Erev Shabbat 27 May 2017

Week of 21-27May 2017

Torah portion: Numbers 1:1-4: 20 Haftarah: Hos 2:1-22


Fox (1997: 648) presents Olsen’s scheme for Numbers as follows: i) In the Wilderness of Sinai: The Camp (c.1-10);

  1. ii) The Rebellious Folk: Narratives of Challenge (c. 11-25); iii) The Plains of Moab: Preparation for the Conquest of Canaan (c. 26-36). A further insight into Numbers is the title of Olsen’s book: The Death of the Old and Birth of the New – so describing the journey from order to chaos, and back to order again. Parashat Bamidbar introduces how the Lord instructs Moses in the ordering of this motley group of liberated slaves into leaders, an army and carers of the Tabernacle.

     Numbers begins similarly to Leviticus: the Lord calls Moses in the Wilderness of Sinai. In Leviticus the Lord calls from the Tent of Meeting whereas in Numbers the Lord speaks to Moses in the Tent of Meeting. Numbers 1b gives the time the communication took place: it is Rosh Kodesh Iyar – the beginning of the second month of the second year since escaping from Egypt.

     Three themes that are introduced in this Parashah are wilderness, numbers and names. We shall look at the significance of each one briefly as an introduction to this the fourth book of the Pentateuch.

     Plaut (2006: 329) states that a person or nation has to be isolated and refined by trial in a desolate wild land. This group of freed slaves under the leadership of Moses, Aaron and Miriam (as the Lord’s spokespersons) meet the Lord in the wilderness and are eventually formed into a nation, Israel, who thus can claim the Promised Land in the Lord’s power.“The wilderness was the place where all the tribes were equal. It was also the most miserable of all places so that Israel could take the Torah to the deprived earth, and from lawlessness ascend to heights“ (Chasidic [35] –Plaut: 914).

     The Lord commands the census – only God could do that. It was regarded that knowing one‘s number, was to know the person’s essence and only God had that power. To number was also to put a limit to growth and blessings which were uncountable because of the Lord’s graciousness and mercy. The numbering of the tribes was in order to organise them. In this organising, leaders were appointed who were accountable to Moses and Aaron. These were to be the armed-forces of Israel (1:3). Rashi’s commentary on numbering is that God’s love for the people of Israel is so great that it makes God count them every hour. He goes on to say that God counted the people as they left Egypt; God counted them after their worship of the golden calf; and now God counts them in Numbers as God’s presence is renewed among them. Luke reminds us of Jesus‘ words concerning God’s care for people: Even the hairs of your head have been counted (Lk 12:7).

     In this Parashah there are five listings of names – Moses and Aaron are repeated a number of times, hence the need to look at the significance of names. Knowing someone’s name is similar to numbering a person as described above.To know a person’s name is to know them intimately and to have power over them. Moses asked God’s name in Ex 3:13and was told: Ehyeh-Asher-Ehyeh (YHWH) – a name that cannot be grasped because it is the Name of  the Holy One. It is a name that must not be used. Somewhere hidden in the name is:“I am“ – the Essence of Being.

     The Haftarah has two very obvious connections to the Parashah:“I will lead her into the desert and speak to her heart“ (v.16) and: “She shall call me:‘My Husband‘ and never again:‘My baal‘ (v.18).

Reflection: 1) What are your experiences of wilderness, being counted and being called by name in your journey with the LORD?

Bibliography: Eskenasi, Weiss: The Torah: A Women’s Commentary (New York: 2008); Fox, Everett. The Five Books of Moses (New York: 1997); Plaut W.G.  The Torah A Modern Commentary (New York: 2006); African Bible (Nairobi: 2004);

This week’s teaching commentary is by

Bernadette Chellew, Durban, South Africa

Bat Kol alum 2008


 [Copyright © 2017]


PLEASE NOTE: The weekly Parashah commentaries represent the research and creative thought of their authors, and are meant to stimulate deeper thinking about the meaning of the Scriptures. While they draw upon the study methods and sources employed by the Bat Kol Institute, the views and conclusions expressed in these commentaries are solely those of their authors, and do not necessarily represent the views of Bat Kol.   The commentaries, along with all materials published on the Bat Kol website, are copyrighted by the writers, and are made available for personal and group study, and local church purposes. Permission needed for other purposes.  Questions, comments and feedback are always welcome.


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